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Eleanor Hawkins, DVM

Eleanor Hawkins

Professor, Internal Medicine
Phone: 919.513.6670
Fax: 919.513.6464


Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University

Clinical Interests

Respiratory medicine, particularly pulmonology.

Professional Experience & Qualifications

Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Internship, Animal Medical Center, New York City
Residency, University of California, Davis
Faculty member, Purdue University, 1985-1991

Dr. Hawkins is the author of over 30 book chapters and is a frequent speaker at continuing education seminars.

Research Area

Dr. Hawkins' research is concentrated on the study of chronic bronchitis in dogs. Additional areas of study include the development of practical pulmonary diagnostic tests (particularly bronchoalveolar lavage), and the use of bronchoalveolar lavage to investigate drug disposition and immune function within the lung.

Selected Publications

Articles in peer-reviewed journals

Hawkins EC, Johnson LR, Guptill L, Marr HS, Breitschwerdt EB, Birkenheuer AJ. Failure to identify an association between serological or molecular evidence of Bartonella spp infection and idiopathic rhinitis in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2009;233:597-260.

Hawkins EC, Birkenheuer AJ, Marr HS, Rogala AR, Large EE, Adler KB. Quanitfication of mucin gene expression in tracheobronchial epithelium of healthy dogs and dogs with chronic bronchitis. American Journal of Veterinary Research 2007; 68:435-440.

Hawkins EC, Rogala AR, Large EE, Bradley JM, Grindem CB. Cellular composition of bronchial brushings obtained from healthy dogs and dogs with chronic cough and cytologic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from dogs with chronic cough. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 2006; 67:160-167.

Strasser J, Hawkins EC. Clinical features of epistaxis in dogs: a retrospective study of 35 cases (1999-2002). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. 2005; 41:179-184.

Cohn LA, Norris CR, Hawkins EC, Dye JA, Johnson CA , Williams KJ. Identification and characterization of an idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-like condition in 23 cats. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 2004; 18:632-641.

Hawkins EC, Basseches J, Berry CR, Stebbins M, Ferris KK. Demographic, clinical and radiographic features of bronchiectasis in dogs: a retrospective study. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association. 2003; 223:1628-1635.

Hawkins EC, Hansen B, Bunch BL. Use of animation-enhanced video clips for teaching abnormal breathing patterns. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education. 2003; 30:73-77.

Berry CR, Hawkins EC, Hurley KJ, Monce K. Frequency of pulmonary mineralization and hypoxemia in 21 dogs with pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 2000; 14:151-156.

Hawkins EC, Berry CR. Bronchoalveolar lavage in dogs using a modified stomach tube. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 1999; 215:1635-1639.

Hawkins EC, Boothe DM, Guinn A, Aucoin DP, Ngyuen J. Concentration of enrofloxacin and its active metabolite in alveolar macrophages and pulmonary epithelial lining fluid of dogs. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1998; 21:1823.

Hawkins EC, Townsend FI, Lewbart GA, Stamper MA, Thayer VG, Rhinehart HL. Bronchoalveolar lavage in a stranded Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1997; 211:901904.

Hawkins EC, Kennedy-Stoskopf S, Levy J, Meuten DJ, Cullins L, DeNicola DB, Tompkins WAF, Tompkins MB. Effect of FIV infection on lung inflammatory cell populations recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 1996; 51:2128.

Hawkins EC, DeNicola DB, Plier ML. Cytological analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the diagnosis of spontaneous respiratory tract disease in dogs: a retrospective study. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1995; 9:386392.

Section Editor

Hawkins EC. Section VII, Respiratory Diseases (20 chapters). In: Bonagura JD, Twedt DC (eds) Current Veterinary Therapy XIV. Saunders, St. Louis, 2009; 596-702.

Book Chapters

Hawkins EC. Respiratory disorders (15 chapters). In: Nelson RW, Couto CG (eds). Small Animal Internal Medicine, 4th ed. Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis. 2009; 207-350.

Hawkins EC. Bronchoalveolar lavage. In: King LG, (ed). Textbook of Respiratory Disease in Dogs and Cats. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 2004, 118-128.

Hawkins EC. Pneumonia aspiration. In: Tilley LP, Smith FWK, Jr (eds). The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult, 3rd ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 2003, 1023. (Also on CD-ROM).

Hawkins EC. Pulmonary parenchymal diseases. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC (eds). Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 5th ed. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 2000, 1061-1091.

Hawkins EC. Respiratory emergencies. In: Bistner SI, Ford RB, Raffe MR (eds). Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment, 7th ed. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 2000, 235-257.