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Greg Lewbart, MS, VMD, DACZM

Greg Lewbart

Professor, Aquatic, Wildlife, and Zoologic Medicine
Phone: 919.513.6439
Fax: 919.513.6464


VMD, 1988: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine
MS, 1985: Northeastern University, Boston, MA


Zoological medicine with an emphasis on invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. Dr. Lewbart is the faculty advisor for the NCSU-CVM Turtle Rescue Team.

Professional Experience & Qualifications

December 2009-November 2010, Assistant Department Head, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University.

2005-present: Professor of Aquatic Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University.

1999-2005: Associate Professor of Aquatic Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University.

1993-1999: Assistant Professor of Aquatic Medicine, Department of Companion Animal and Special Species Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University.

1992-1996: Adjunct Assistant Professor of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

1988-1992: Corporate Veterinarian, O'Beirne Tropical Fish, Philadelphia, PA, Greenway Farms, Inc., Naples, FL

Research Area

Dr. Lewbart is interested in the pharmacology of various chemotherapeutics on ornamental fishes. He also pursues the answers to clinical problems involving captive and wild aquatic invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, and reptiles.

Selected Publications

Leclère FM, Trelles M, Lewbart GA, Vogelin E. 2013. Is there good simulation basic training for end-to-side vascular microanastomoses? Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Published online 9 Feb. 2013. DOI 10.1007/s002266-012-0005-0.

Leclère FM, Lewbart GA, Rieben R, Vogelin E. 2012. Microsurgery and liver research: Lumbricus terrestris, a reliable animal model for training? Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology. DOI 0.10106/j.clinre.2012.04.008.

Dombrowski D, De Voe R., Lewbart GA. 2012. Comparison of isoflurane and carbon dioxide anesthesia in rose-haired tarantulas (Grammostola rosea). Journal of Zoo Biology. DOI 10.1002/zoo21026.

Braverman H, Leibovitz L, Lewbart GA. Green algal infection of American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) exoskeletal structures. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 2012; 111:90-93.

Raske M, Lewbart GA, Dombrowski DS, Hale P, Correa MT, Christian LS. Body temperature of selected amphibian and reptile species. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2012; 43(3):517-521.

Ward JL, Hall K, Christian LS, Lewbart GA. Plasma biochemistry and condition of confiscated hatchling pig-nosed turtles (Carettochelys insculpta). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2012; 7(1):38-45.

Royal LW, Lascelles BDX, Lewbart GA, Correa MT, Jones, SL. Evaluation of cyclooxygenase protein expression in traumatized versus normal tissues from eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2012;43(2):289-295.

Leclère FM, Germain MA, Lewbart GA, Unglaub F, Mordon S, Louis D. Microsurgery in liver research: End-to-side portocaval microanastomoses in dogfish. Clinics and Research in Hepatology Gastroenterology. 2011; 35(1):650-654.

Minter LJ, Clarke, 3rd, EO, Gjeltema JL, Archibald KE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA. Effects of intramuscular meloxicam administration on prostaglandin e2 synthesis in the North American bullfrog Rana catesbeiana. J of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2011; 42(4):680-685.

Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Harms CA, Van Wettere AJ. 2010 A comparison of heavy metal concentrations and health assessment in the Asian clam (Corbicula fluminae) from Florida and North Carolina. Journal of Aquatic Animal
Health 2010;22(2):73-77.

Minter LJ, Wood MW, Hill T, and Lewbart GA. Cytoscopic guided removal of ectopic eggs from the urinary bladder of the Florida cooter turtle (Pseudemys floridana floridana). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2010;41(30):503-509.

Anderson ET, Davis AS, Law JM, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, and Harms CA. Gross and histological evaluation of five suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the California sea hare (Aplysia californica). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 2010;49(1):1-5.

Charles L, Lewbart GA, Aresco M, and Cowen P. Detection of Salmonella in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) during two relocation efforts in Florida. Journal of Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2009; 8(2):213-216.

Freeman KS, Lewbart GA, Robarge WP, Law M, Harms, CA, Stoskopf MK. Characterizing eversion syndrome in captive scyphomedusa jellyfish. American Journal of Veterinary Research 2009; 70(9):1087-1093.

Minter LJ, Landry MM, and Lewbart GA. Prophylactic ovariosalpingectomy using a prefemoral approach in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina). Veterinary Record 2008; 163:487-488.

Miller O, Fuller FJ, Gebreyes WA, Lewbart GA, Shchelkunov IS, Shivappa RB, Joiner C, Woolford G, Stone M, Dixon PF, Raley ME, Levine JF. Phylogenetic analysis of spring viremia of carp virus reveals distinct subgroups with common origins for recent isolates in North America and the UK. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 2007; 76:193-204.

Palmeiro B, Rosenthal K, Lewbart GA, and Shofer FS. Plasma biochemical reference intervals for koi (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2007; 230(5):708-712.

Harms CA, Kishimori J, Boylan S, Lewbart GA, and Swanson C. Behavioral and clinical pathology changes in koi carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) subjected to anesthesia and surgery with and without peri-operative analgesics. Comparative Medicine 2005; 5(3):221-226.

Lewbart GA, Papich MG, and Whitt-Smith D. Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol in the red pacu (Piaractus brachypomus) after single dose intramuscular administration. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2005; 28:317-319.

Lewbart GA, Kishimori J, Christian LS. The North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Turtle Rescue Team: A model for a successful wild reptile clinic. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 2005; 32(3):377-381.

Lewbart GA, Butkus DA, Papich M, Coleman AK, Krum H, and Noga EJ. A simple catheterization method for systemic administration of drugs to fish. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2005; 226(5):784-788.

Case E, Lewbart GA, and Doerr PD. The physiological and behavioural impacts of and preference for an enriched environment in the .eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina ). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 2005; 92:353-365.

Willer CJ, Lewbart GA, and Lemons C. Aural abscesses in wild eastern box turtles, Terrapene carolina carolina from North Carolina: Aerobic bacterial isolates and distribution of lesions. Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 2003, 13(2):4-9.

Brenner D, Lewbart G, Stebbins M, and Herman DW. Health survey of wild and captive bog turtles ( Clemmys muhlenbergii ) in North Carolina and Virginia. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2002; 33(4):311-316.

Chittick EJ, Stamper MA, Beasley JF, Lewbart GA, and Horne WA. Medetomidine, ketamine, and sevoflurane for anesthesia of injured loggerhead sea turtles: 13 cases (1996-2000). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2002; 221(7):1019-1025.

Hurty CA, Brazik DC, Law JM, Sakamoto K, and Lewbart GA. Evaluation of the tissue reactions in the skin and body wall of koi ( Cyprinus carpio ) to five suture materials. The Veterinary Record 2002; 151(11):324-328.

Hurty CA, Diaz DE, Campbell JL, and Lewbart GA. Chemical analysis of six commercial adult iguana, Iguana iguana , diets. Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 2001; 11(3):23-26.

Book Chapters

Lewbart GA. 2013. Invertebrates. In: Exotic Animal Formulary, 4th Ed., J. Carpenter editor, Elsevier Publishing, pp. 1-17.

Lewbart GA. 2013. Fish. In: Exotic Animal Formulary, 4th Ed., J. Carpenter editor, Elsevier Publishing, pp. 18-52.

Carpenter JW, Lewbart GA, Wright KM. 2010. Apendice: Agentes Antimicrobianos, Antifungicos, Antiparasitarios, Sedantes, Anestesicos y Analgesicos Comunmente Utilzados en Peces y Anfibios. In: Atlas de Medicina de Animales Exoticos (RF Agnuilar, SM Hernandez, S. Divers, and D. Perpinan editors). Editorial Inter-Medica S.A.I.C.I., pp. 113-120.

Lewbart G. 2008. Tulip. In: The Rhino With Glue-On Shoes (L. Spelman and T. Mashima editors). Bantam/Dell Publishing.

Gunkel C and Lewbart GA. 2008. Anesthesia and Analgesia of Invertebrates (Chapter 22). In: Anesthesia and Analgesia In Laboratory Animals, 2nd ed. (R. Fish, P. Danneman, M. Brown, and A. Karas editors). Elsevier Publishing, pp. 535-546.

Gunkel C and Lewbart GA. 2007. Invertebrates. In Zoo Animal & Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia (G West, D Heard, N Caulkett eds.). Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA, pp. 147-158.

Lewbart GA and Shivappa R. 2007. Spring Viremia of Carp Virus. In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy, Volume 6 (ME Fowler and E Miller eds.), Saunders, Elsevier, St. Louis, MA, pp. 121-125.

Van Wettere A, Lewbart GA. 2007. Cytologic Diagnosis of Diseases of Invertebrates. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice (M. Garner ed.), Elsevier, 10: 235-254.

Lewbart GA. 2006. Fish Supplement For the Exotic Companion Medicine Handbook. Zoological Medicine Network, 58 pp.

Cooper M, Lewbart GA. and Lewbart DT. 2006. Laws and Regulations: European and American. In: Reptile Medicine and Surgery (2nd ed.), D. Mader editor, Elsevier Publishing, 1031-1050.

Lewbart G.A. 2005. Fish; Exotic Animal Formulary, J. Carpenter editor, Elsevier Publishing, pp. 5-29.

Leibovitz L and Lewbart GA. 2004. Diseases and Symbionts: Vulnerability Despite Tough Shells. In: The American Horseshoe Crab. Shuster CN, Barlow RB and HJ Brockmann eds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., pp. 245-275.

Wildgoose WH and Lewbart GA. 2001. Therapeutics. In Wildgoose WH (ed): Manual of Ornamental Fish, 2nd ed. Gloucester, England, pp. 237-258.

Lewbart GA. 2001. Clinical Examination. In Wildgoose WH (ed): Manual of Ornamental Fish, 2nd ed. Gloucester, England, pp. 85-89.


Lewbart GA. (ed.). 2012. Invertebrate Medicine, 2nd Ed., Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 488 pp.

Rosenthal KL, Forbes NA, Frye FL, and Lewbart GA. 2008. Rapid Review of Exotic Animal Medicine and Husbandry. Manson Publications, London, 320 pp.

Lewbart GA. (ed.). 2006. Invertebrate Medicine, Blackwell Publishing, UK, 327 pp.

Lewbart GA. (ed.). 1998. Self Asssessment Guide to Ornamental Fish, Manson Publications, London & Iowa State University Press, 192 pp.