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Carol Grindem, DVM, PhD

Carol Grindem

Pathology
Professor

Office: D-259, CVM Main Building
Phone: 919-513-6277
Fax: 919-513-6556
Email: Carol_Grindem@ncsu.edu

 



Course Involvement

Graduate Courses

  • CBS 690: Clinical Pathology Rounds
  • CBS 690: Clinical Pathology Journal Club
  • CBS 690: Clinical Pathology Board Prep
  • CBS 790 -- Special Topics in Clinical Pathology

Research Interests

Bone Marrow disorders, Platelet disorders, and Diagnostic Medicine

Education/Training

Publications

Cora MC, Neel JA, Grindem CB, Kissling GE, Hess PR.  Comparison of automated versus manual neutrophil counts for the detection of cellular abnormalities in dogs receiving chemotherapy:  50 cases (May to June 2008).  JAVMA 242:1539-1543, 2013.

Reeder JP, Hawkins EC, Cora MC, Marks SL, Grindem CB.  Effect of a combined aspiration and core technique on quality of core bone marrow specimens.  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 49:16-22, 2013.

Collicutt NB, Grindem CB, Neel JA.  Comparison of manual polychromatophilic cell and automated reticulocyte quantification in evaluating regenerative response in response in anemic dogs.  Vet Clin Pathol 41(2):256-260, 2012

Stowe DA, Anderson K,L Guy JS, Linder KE, Grindem CB.  A case of enzootic nasal adenocarcinoma in a ewe.  Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, Hindawi Publishing Corp.  Volume 2012, Article ID 347193, 4 pages, doi:10.1155/2012/347193.

Neel JA, Snyder L, Grindem CB.  Thrombocytosis:  a retrospective study of 165 dogs. Vet Clin Pathol 41(2):216-222, 2012.

Marks DA, Birkenheuer AJ, Grindem CB.  Pathology in Practice.  Large unnamed  Babesia species.  JAVMA 241(8):1029-1031, 2012.

Stowe DA, Anderson K,L Guy JS, Linder KE, Grindem CB.  A case of enzootic nasal adenocarcinoma in a ewe.  Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, Hindawi Publishing Corp.  Volume 2012, Article ID 347193, 4 pages, doi:10.1155/2012/347193.

Escobar C, Grindem C, Neel J, Suter S.  Hematological changes after total body irradiation and autologous transplantation of hematopoietic peripheral blood progenitor cells in dogs with lymphoma.  Vet Pathol 49:341-343, 2012.

Neel J, Grindem C.  Learning Style Profiles of 150 Veterinary Medical Students.  J Vet Med Ed 37:347-352, 2010.

Escobar C, Grindem CB.  What is your diagnosis?  Urine crystals in a dog.  Vet Clin Pathol 39:513-514, 2010.

Renschler J, Tarigo J, Neel J, Grindem C.  What is your diagnosis?  Particulate material in peritoneal fluid from a dog.   Vet Clin Pathol  37(1):129-132, 2008.

Neel JA, Grindem CB, Bristol DG.  Introduction and evaluation of virtual microscopy in teaching veterinary cytopathology.  J Vet Med Ed 34(4):437-444, 2007.

Neel JA, Tarigo J, Tater KC, Grindem CB.  Deep and superficial skin scrapings from a feline immunodeficiency virus-poistive cat.  Vet Clin Pathol 36(1):101-104, 2007.

Neel JA, Tarigo J, Grindem CB.  What’s your diagnosis?  Gallbladder aspirate from a     dog.  Vet Clin Pathol  35:467-470, 2006.

Hawkins EC, Rogala AR, Large EE, Bradley JM, Grindem CB.  Cellular composition of bronchial brushings obtained from healthy dogs and dogs with chronic cough and   cytologic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from dogs with chronic          cough.  AJVR 67: 160-167, 2006.

Hawkins EC,  Grooters AM, Cowgill ES, Proulx DR, Davainis GM, Ruslander DM,           Grindem CB.  Treatment of Conidiobolus sp. Pneumonia with itraconazole in a dog            receiving immunosuppressive therapy.  J Vet Intern Med 20:1479-1482, 2006.

Tarigo J, Linder K, Neel J, Harvey S, Remick A, Grindem C.  What is your diagnosis?  Reluctant to dive: coelomic effusion in a frog.  Vet Clin Pathol 35:341-344, 2006

Pallatto V, Wood M, Grindem C.  What is your diagnosis?  Urine Cytology from a             Chihuahua.  Vet Clin Pathol  34:425-428, 2005.

Goodman RA, Hawkins EC, Olby NJ, Grindem CB, Hegarty B, Breitschwerdt EB.  Molecular identification of Ehrlichia ewingii infection in dogs:  15 cases (1997-2001).  JAVMA 222:1102-1107, 2003.

Juopperi TA, Cesta M, Tomlinson L, Grindem CB.  Extensive cutaneous metastases in             a dog with duodenal adenocarcinoma.  Vet Clin Pathol 32:88-91, 2003.

Cowgill ES, Neel JA, Grindem CB (2003). Clinical application of reticulocyte counts in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am [Small Anim Pract] 33: 1223-2344.

Grindem CB, Neel JA, Juopperi TA (2002). Cytology of bone marrow. Vet Clin North Am [Small Anim Pract] 32(6):1313 1374.

DeHeer HL, Parry BW, Grindem CB (2002). Peritoneal fluid. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds. Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse, 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 127-162.

DeHeer HL, Parry BW, Grindem CB (2002). Pleural fluid. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds. Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse, 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 107-126.

Grindem CB, DeHeer HL (2002). The gastrointestinal tract. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds. Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse, 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 87-98.

Grindem C.B. (2000): Acute myeloid leukemia. In: BF Feldman, JG Zinkl, NC Jain eds. Schalm's Veterinary Hematology, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 717-726.

Grindem C.B. (2000). Thrombocytopenia-Infectious and Immune Mediated. In: Kirk's Veterinary Therapy XII, ed JD Bonagura, WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, pp. 438-442.

Neel J.A., C.B. Grindem (2000). Laboratory evaluation of renal function. (Invited) Vet Med 95:555-566.

Andrews J.M., C.B. Grindem (2000). Interpretation of electrolytes, TCO2, and anion gap in clinical practice. (Invited submission). Vet Med 95:548-553.

Barger A.M., C.B. Grindem (2000). Clinical interpretation of a complete blood cell count. (Invited submission) Vet Med 95:534-547.

Grindem C.B., E.B. Breitschwerdt, P.C. Perkins, L.D. Cullins, T.J. Thomas, B.T. Hegarty (1999). Platelet associated immunoglobulin (antiplated antibody) in canine rocky Mountain spotted fever and ehrlichiosis. J Am Anim Hosp. Assoc 35:56-61.

Grindem C.B., R.L. Page, B.E. Ammerman, E.B. Breitschwerdt (1998). Immunophenotypic comparison of blood, bone marrow and lymph node from dogs with lymphoma. Vet Clin Pathol 27(1):16-20.

Grindem, C.B. Classification of myeloproliferative diseases (1997). In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine Volume III. Ed, R August. WB Saunders Co pp 449-508.

Grindem, C.B. Blood cell markers (1996). Vet Clin North Am (Small Anim Pract). 26:1043-1064.

Perkins, P.C., C.B. Grindem (1995). Evaluation of three cytometric methods for reticulocyte enumeration and differentiation in the cat. Vet Clin Pathol 24:37-43.

Jain, N.C., J.T. Blue, C.B. Grindem, et al. (1991). Proposed criteria for classification of acute myeloid leukemia in dogs and cats. Vet Clin Pathol 20:63-82.

Grindem, C.B., E.B. Breitschwerdt, W.T. Corbett, and H.E. Jans (1991). Epidemiologic survey of thrombocytopenia in dogs. A report of 987 cases. Vet Clin Pathol 20:38-43.

Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, M.G. Levy, M.G. Davidson, and E. Breitschwerdt (1990). Platelet aggregation in dogs experimentally infected with Rickettsia rickettsii. Vet Clin Pathol 19:25-28.

Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, M.T. Tomkins (1990). Risk factors for Haemobartonella felis infection in cats. JAVMA 196:96-99.

Grindem, C.B. (1989). Bone marrow biopsy and evaluation. Vet Clin North Am 19:669-696.

Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, B.E. Ammerman, M.T. Tomkins (1989). Seroepidemiologic survey of feline immunodeficiency virus infection in cats in Wake County, North Carolina. JAVMA 194:226-228.

Grindem, C.B., V. Perman, and J.B. Stevens (1985). Morphological classification and clinical and pathological characteristics of spontaneous leukemia in 10 cats. JAAHA 21:227-236.

Grindem, C.B., J.B. Stevens, and V. Perman (1985). Morphological classification and clinical and pathological characteristics of spontaneous leukemia in 17 dogs. JAAHA 21:219-226.

Grindem, C.B., J.B. Stevens, and V. Perman (1985). Morphological classification and clinical and pathological characteristics of spontaneous leukemia in 17 dogs. JAAHA 21:219-226.

Links

American College of Veterinary Pathologists (ACVP)

American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP)