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Dr. Michael P. Martin

Dr. Michael Martin

Associate Professor, Poultry Health Management
Diplomate, American College of Poultry Veterinarians

Phone: 919.513.6330
Cell: 919.218.5143
Fax: 919.513.6464
Email: michael_martin@ncsu.edu

Avian Health Services and Research Laboratory

Education

Professional Experience

Areas of Research/Study

Disease prevention is a critically important part of rearing agricultural animals and other animal populations. Healthy animals are more productive and require less feed, water, and other resources to maintain productivity. Animal health in agricultural production is also crucial for protecting our nation's food supply and maintaining public health. This is especially important when looking at emerging public health concerns such as the Avian Influenza pandemic in Asia. Prevention of disease in an animal population can be accomplished through promoting disease resistance, controlling infected animals and insects, controlling contaminated materials (feces, urine, saliva, dust, feed, water, etc), regulating movement of people and equipment among farms, and continual surveillance for evidence of disease causing microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.) including evaluation of abnormal production parameters.

Biosecurity embodies the practices and procedures taken to reduce or prevent the entrance and spread of microorganisms that might cause disease within an animal population. Biosecurity procedures can be as simple as wearing protective clothing/boots or washing hands, although more complicated procedures are often necessary to adequately protect most animal populations from disease. Each animal population and their environment are unique and have unique biosecurity concerns. Careful consideration is required to determine which biosecurity procedures are most appropriate for a given animal population based on risk assessment.

In poultry, intensive rearing, integrated production practices, and high regional farm density make biosecurity and disease prevention concerns even more critical. Many advances have been made by the poultry industry to promote high biosecurity standards. Yet, there is still more that can be done to protect individual poultry facilities as well as the poultry industry and food supply as a whole.

Epidemiology is the study of the relationships of potential risk factors when evaluating disease potential within a population. Often in epidemiology the geographic and animal distribution, frequency, and pathogenesis of disease (or how an agent is able to cause disease in an animal) are evaluated. Information obtained from epidemiological evaluations play a major roll in direct prevention and minimization of future disease outbreaks as well as improves our knowledge of lesser-known emerging diseases.

My research and service work strives to facilitate continued development of high-quality, practical biosecurity and epidemiology for individual poultry farms, regional poultry facilities, and poultry industry. Biosecurity and epidemiological issues for other captive, companion, or wild birds are also studied, especially as they may relate to disease introduction and spread into poultry flocks.

Helping me in my mission are the resources of the Avian Health Services and Research Laboratory (AHSRL). The AHSRL is dedicated to the support of the poultry industry and provides pertinent diagnostics to evaluate poultry health issues.

Representative Publications/Presentations