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Residency Coordinators

Dr. Bernie Hansen
Phone: 919.513.6658

Dr. Teresa DeFrancesco
Phone: 919.513.6495

Residency in Emergency and Critical Care

For more specific program information, please contact the Residency Coordinator.

Program Description:

NCSU CVM offers a 3-year ACVECC-approved in small animal emergency and critical care residency. The residency is designed to prepare candidates for board certification and adheres to guidelines set forth by the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care.

Direct supervised training will take place in the companion animal intensive care unit and the day triage service of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) under the mentorship of three ACVECC Diplomates (Drs. Bernie Hansen, Terri DeFrancesco and Rita Hanel) and one ACVIM Diplomate (Dr. Steven Marks). Other supervised training in internal medicine, surgery, neurology, ophthalmology, diagnostic imaging, anesthesia and cardiology will be achieved in accordance to ACVECC guidelines.  

The intensive care unit is fully equipped to provide state-of-the art care for critically ill patients. The unit is staffed around the clock by 12 veterinary critical care technicians and supported by an animal blood bank service. One of our nurses has achieved AVECCT specialty certificate and several others are in progress in their certification process. We promote a family-friendly environment encouraging owner visitations facilitated by a small visitation room within the ICU. The ICU is a support service that provides patient care and monitoring for approximately 1300 small animal patients annually from all the VTH specialty services such as Internal Medicine, Surgery, Neurology, Cardiology, Oncology, and others.

Residents also participate in daytime and after-hours shifts with the VTH emergency service, a rapidly growing referral and primary care service housed adjacent to the intensive care unit.  Case load for the VTH ER service was approximately 1650 cases for 2008 fiscal year. The ER service is staffed with 12 veterinary emergency technicians and 2 staff intern-trained experienced ER clinicians.

Patient care in ICU and ER are supported by a specialist-supervised, fully equipped hospital capable of CT, MRI, and ultrasound imaging, full lab support, and endoscopy. The ICU and ER are fully equipped to provide state of the art continuous emergency and critical care, including but not limited to mechanical ventilation, in-department ultrasound, CBC, chemistry panel and coagulation assessments including TEG, osmometry, invasive blood pressure evaluation and analysis.

Residents participate in daily patient rounds, weekly journal and book clubs, and multiple weekly rounds and seminars. Residents participate in the training of senior professional DVM program students and residents in other programs. All residents are expected to provide a state-of-the-art presentation to the VTH community and rotate in the medicine section’s and ECC section’s schedule for grand rounds presentations. A research project will be conducted during the program, resulting in a publication that satisfies the ACVECC credentials requirement.

The resident may elect to enroll in graduate school during the program and obtain a non-thesis master's degree (MSpVM) for the Veterinary Medicine Graduate Program.

The program concurrently trains at least 3 residents. Trainees receive semi-annual written evaluations and the evaluations are discussed with the Resident Advisor and the Hospital Director. The annual reappointment of the resident is contingent upon continued satisfactory performance in all aspects of the program.

Inquiries are best made by email.


This residency participates in the American Association of Veterinary Clinicians (AAVC) Veterinary Internship and Residency Matching Program (VIRMP) when a position is available. Application information and procedures are available at