Criteria for immediate admission to the Isolation Unit
- Any ruminant with projectile diarrhea, signs of systemic illness, and oral ulceration
- Any ruminant exhibiting signs of an infectious disease that requires isolation housing per the Farm Animal Infectious Disease Chart
- If the Isolation stalls are full or otherwise unavailable, a patient presenting with diarrhea, can be refused admission if a pathogen is suspected. If a pathogen is not suspected, the patient’s status must be discussed with the hospital epidemiologist or chair of the Infection Control Committee before being placed in a Restricted stall.
- Restriction status, at no time, should be used to accommodate a lack of availability of an isolation stall.
Criteria for transferring hospitalized patients to the Isolation Unit
- A positive Salmonella culture is obtained.
- A positive Clostridium difficile toxin test is obtained.
- Any nosocomial pathogen is obtained.
- A clinician should move any patient to isolation when there is a high index of suspicion of Salmonella, or an infectious disease even without the confirmation of diarrhea.
- A patient diagnosed with a disease on the Farm Animal Infectious Disease Chart
Use of Isolation Unit
- Once a patient is housed in isolation it may not be transferred to a stall in the main building under any circumstances.
- The senior clinician is responsible for informing all personnel that may have contact with an animal about the nature of the infectious disease(s) to be encountered.
- If a zoonotic pathogen is isolated from an animal, or if a zoonotic infection is highly suspected, the number of staff, clinical personnel and students having contact with the patient should be minimized.
- If the pathogen is zoonotic, a log must be placed on the isolation unit that documents individuals who have had contact with the animal.